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1. 006.3

Nelkin, Dorothy.
Sciences as INtellectual Properety : Who Controls Scientific Research? [Text] / D. Nelkin. - New York : Macmillan Publishing Company ; London : Collier Macmillan Publishers, 1984. - 130 p. - (AAAS Series on Issues in Science and Technology). - ISBN 0-02-949090-1
References and notes : p. 103 - 120. Index : p. 121 - 130
The Ownership and Control of Scientific Information
Proprietary Secrecy Versus Open Communication in Science
Public Access Versus Professional Control
Rights of Access Versus Obligations of Confidentiality
Whistleblowing Versus Proprietary Rights
National Security Versus Scientific Freedom
Negotiating the Control of Scientific Information
DDC: 006.3
Рубрики: Artificial intelligence
Аннотация: Who controls research? This controversial question stands at the center of a growing number of legal and administrative disputes which raise critical issues of professional sovereignty, scientific secrecy, and proprietary rights. Although the idea of knowledge as property is not new, the scale and changing nature and structure of contemporary American research has intensified the debate. To whom does data belong: the scientist who does the research or the federal agency that pays for it? What does government funding mean in terms of public access and investigator control? What means of access to scientific research are available to interested citizens, competing scientists, or industrial firms? Does the Freedom of Information Act apply to research in progress? At what point in the research process are data to be made generally available? Do demands for disclosure of data adequately respect the confidentiality of sources and the privacy of the subjects of research? Can scientists use their data and ideas in whatever way they choose? "Science as Intellectual Property" examines numerous aspects of this multifaceted problem and presents a balanced discussion of the complex issues from varying points of view, including the interests of scientists, the right of citizens to be informed, and the legitimate security needs of government and industry. The author uses many examples and cases to illustrate the dilemmas discussed and outlines the problems of negotiating consistent and acceptable policies for ownership and control of scientific information. Associated with Cornell University since 1963, Dorothy Nelkin is now Professor in the Program on Science, Technology, and Society and the Department of Sociology
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